话说,现在接近春节了,又到了一年工作请假的高峰期了。
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今天,我们就顺便来看下,英文中“请假”的各种说法,以及一些周边小常识。
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说到假期的英文,很多人第一反应是 holiday,但其实,英文中,假期的说法有好几个,而且内涵差很多。今天一起来学习下吧。
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holiday, vacation, days off, leave 比较
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· holiday: 是指因宗教节日或国家喜庆日而设立的法定“假日"。
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Christmas holiday is the biggest holiday in many Western countries.?
在很多西方国家,圣诞节是最重要的假期。
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· vacation: 一般指大学的假期
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summer vacation暑假 ??
winter vacation寒假
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· days off:纯粹指不用上班,休息的日子,例如周末。
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· leave:通常必须是自己申请的休假
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· break:指短暂的休息,比如课堂休息、开会休息
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下面来看看,在职场上,假期的种类。
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各种假期说法
annual leave
年假
maternity leave
产假
Paternity leave
陪产假
sick leave
病假
personal leave
事假
marriage leave
婚假 ?
funeral leave
丧假
menstruation leave
生理假
leave for religious holidays
宗教假
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在正规的公司上班,员工请假的事由大概就是以上这些了。
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annual leave 视公司和个人在职年限而定,一般在5-20天不等。
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maternity leave 一般是98天,产前可以休假15天;难产的,增加产假15天;生育多胞胎(mutiple births),每多生育1个婴儿,增加产假15天。
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paternity leave,也就是男人请的陪产假,全国各地都不同,一般在7-30天之间。
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marriage leave,各地区差别也很大,一般在10-30天
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funeral leave 一般为1-3天
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menstruation leave :姨妈假,非强制性假期,一般0.5--1天
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除了这些假期,还有--
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轮休
rotate days off
调休
leave/ time off in lieu [lju:]
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* in lieu 是代替的意思,leave in lieu 就是替换的休假,也就是调休了。
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那么,说到请假,该用什么短语和句式表达呢?
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请假
ask for leave?
准假
grant leave?
超假
overstay one’s leave
告假
on leave
带薪休假
paid leave
批假
approve one's leave?
休假
have a holiday?
延长假期
extend one's leave
申请休假
submit a request to take the leave?
休假中
on holiday/on one’s holiday/ take holiday
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再来看看,英文中请假,有哪些句式呢?
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常用句式
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He has a day off today.
他今天请假一天。
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She had two weeks off because she was ill.?
因为生病了,她请假两周。
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Can I have 3 hours off today in lieu of the 3 hours of overtime I worked last night?
昨天晚上我加班了3个小时,今天我能调休3小时吗?
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Do I get time off in lieu if I work overtime on the holiday?
如果假期我加班,我能获得调休吗?
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下面我们来看看,如何表达休假理由。
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病假理由
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I don’t feel well./ I am feeling sick./ I am unwell./ I am not doing too well.
我不太舒服。
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I have been feeling very run down lately.
最近我有点虚弱。
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I think I've caught a bug.
我觉得我是感冒了。
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I have a bad headache.
我头疼。
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I have a sore arm.
我胳膊疼。
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那么,请假了,一般都要做好交接工作。
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这种表达如何说呢?
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工作交接
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1. fill in for someone?
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fill in 是填空的意思,fill in for sb 就是为别人顶板,暂时代替别人
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We'll have to find someone to fill in for Francis tonight as he's ill.?
费朗西斯病了,我们得找个什么人今晚顶替他。
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2. cover for somebody 代替某人
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Can you cover for me on Friday because I am gonna visit my aunt that day.?
星期五能不能请你替我个班,那天我要去看阿姨。
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最后,给大家看两组请假条的书写方式,
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大家下次可以参考用起来。
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Dear Mr./Ms. XXX,
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This letter is a formal request for a leave of absence, to follow up on our meeting yesterday. As we discussed, I would like to request a leave of absence from April 1 through June 30, 20XX.
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I will return to work on July 1, 20XX.
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Please let me know if I can provide further information or if you have any questions.
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Thank you very much for your consideration in providing me with this opportunity for personal leave.
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Sincerely,
Peter Smith
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Dear Jennifer,
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As we discussed yesterday, I would like to request a formal leave of absence from my job. I plan to be away from July 1, 20XX - December 31, 20XX, returning to work on January 1, 20XX.
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If approved, I would be glad to help with a plan to cover my workload in my absence. I would also be available to answer questions and provide assistance while I am away.
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Please let me know if you need any additional information. Thank you very much for your consideration of my request.
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Best,
John White